12 Sep 2008 11:09:50
Update on the Renewable Energy Directive
Yesterday, (11 September) the Industry Committee (ITRE) of the European Parliament voted on a series of compromise amendments to the Commission's original proposals for the Renewable Energy Directive. MEPs have been the subject of intense lobbying from many organizations: EREC, e-Bio, EBB, the EU Biotech Industry and many individual companies - so the outcome is not as bad as it could have been, based on reports from the Parliament earlier in the year.
The text agreed by the Parliament will now form the basis of their negotiating position with the Council and the Commission to reach a final text for a "1st reading" by the end of this year. We are not at the end but the lines are now a bit clearer.
Key amendments voted for by the Parliament
• 20% renewable target with mandatory minimum interim targets
• Each Member State shall ensure that the share of energy from renewable sources in road transport in 2015 is at least 5% of final consumption of energy in road transport in that Member State and that at least 20% of this target shall be met from electricity or hydrogen from renewable sources, energy from waste, residues and ligno-cellulosic biomass or algae produced in vats, or energy from feedstock grown on degraded land with a net carbon benefit regarding land use emissions over 10 years
• Each Member State shall ensure that the share of energy from renewable sources in road transport in 2020 is at least 10% of final consumption of energy in road transport in that Member State and that at least 40% of this target shall be met from electricity or hydrogen from renewable sources, energy from waste, residues and ligno-cellulosic biomass or algae produced in vats, or energy from feedstock grown on degraded land with a net carbon benefit regarding land use emissions over 10 years
• No later than 2014, a review shall assess the 2020 target and 40% share as set out above. The review shall be based on an impact assessment which takes into account, in particular, all fuels used in all forms of transport (including maritime transport and aviation), the greenhouse gas emissions, the technological development, the consequences for food security, biodiversity and commercial availability of electricity or hydrogen from renewable sources, and of fuel from feedstock grown on degraded land as defined above and the sustainability criteria set out in Article 15
• At least 45% GHG savings from the outset
• At least 60% GHG savings from 1 Jan 2015
• Grandfather rights apply to installations that were in operation in January 2008 up to 1 April 2013
• energy efficiency in transport in that Member State must improve by at least 20% by 2020 against a 2005 baseline
Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC)
• Emissions caused by direct and indirect land use change, as specified in Part C of Annex VII, shall be added unless the production is based upon raw materials, including waste that do not require the use of arable, pasture or permanent crop land. By 31 December 2009 at the latest, Member States shall submit to the Commission a report including a list of degraded land where energy crop production could produce a net carbon benefit
• By 31 December 2010 at the latest, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council, containing proposals for the inclusion of the values for emissions caused by indirect land use change, as specified in Part C of Annex VII, to land use and/or feedstock specific factors. These proposals shall be based on the assessment of best available scientific evidence by a committee of independent experts. The European Parliament and the Council shall decide by 31 December 2011 on the proposals submitted by the Commission. Every two years thereafter, the Commission shall assess whether a further review is necessary, on the basis of the expert committee advice
• Eiluc = annualised emissions from carbon stock changes caused by indirect land use change; thisshall have a value of 0 g CO2eq/MJ until 31 December 2011
• In the absence of a decision by 31 December 2011 on proposals for specific eiluc values for individual biofuel production pathways as set out in Article 17, eiluc shall have a value of 40g CO2eq/MJ, except where:
- (i) the production of transport fuels from biomass is based upon raw materials, including waste, that do not require the use of arable, pasture or permanent crop land, or
- (ii) where the Commission has deemed that the production of biofuels can be shown not to have an indirect land-use impact
- in the cases above, eiluc, shall have a value of 0
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