A Waste2Tricity facility will take in sorted carbon waste - plastics, paper, cardboard, food and other plant material - and convert it into electrical power.
The waste will enter a plasma gasification chamber and be turned into syngas by the application of very high temperatures (+6000°C). This process has advantages over incineration in that fewer pollutant gases, tar, ash and fly ash are produced
Waste2Tricity will develop the process in two stages. In Stage 1 the cleaned syngas will be fed into an internal combustion engine (ICE) generator, with an average generation efficiency of about 30%.
In Stage 2, the syngas will be processed and converted to hydrogen. The ICEs will be replaced by new generation alkaline fuel cells, these have the highest conversion efficiency of hydrogen to electricity of any process. By the combination of plasma gasification with fuel cells the net output of electricity to the National Grid could increase by 50% + compared to existing technologies.