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Sustainable Carbon

Commercial biomass project

This project is a "bundling" of three small ceramic manufacturing businesses: Guaraí, Itabira and Santa Izabel Ceramic Factories. Situated in the Itaboraí municipality, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, they produce structural ceramic products such bricks, to be sold in the regional market.

Itaboraí is a region that is in need of environmental conservation because of the proximity of the Atlantic Forest, a Nature Conservancy "hotspot" due to its high degree of biodiversity. Only 7% of the original forest remains and only 2% is protected. The forests closest to these ceramics are located in the Serra do Barbosão, Serra de Tapuaba and Serra do Lagarto. The mangrove of Itambé, which is close to these facilities, is also important as they are breeding grounds for fish that feed the local community. The ceramics had used heavy oil as fuel for the kilns to produce its products, endangering the fragile ecosystems in the region.

Understanding the impact that this had on the environment, the ceramics wanted to pursue a more sustainable form of production and replaced the heavy oil used in production to renewable biomass to generate thermal energy for the ceramic kilns. The renewable biomass now used is sawdust and wood residues from certified, sustainably-managed forests.

It has been estimated that approximately 423,036 tons of CO2 equivalents will be reduced
during the ten year crediting period of the project.

• All three of these ceramic facilities have high levels of social inclusion, with a notable number of women and handicapped persons employed
• Recovery of clay extraction areas, where the project proponents have replanted native trees and grasses, goes above and beyond Brazilian environmental compliance laws
• Excellent record-keeping of biomass used ensures that only certified, renewable biomass is being used in the ceramic facilities
• There are efficient machines used in the ceramics that improve the production process, including mechanical burners, automated dryers, energy efficient kilns, among others

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