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Taming the Anarchy

Taming the Anarchy: groundwater governance in South Asia
By Tushaar Shah

About this book
In 1947, British India—the part of South Asia that is today's India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh—emerged from the colonial era with the world's largest centrally managed canal irrigation infrastructure. However, as vividly illustrated by Tushaar Shah, the orderly irrigation economy that saved millions of rural poor from droughts and famines is now a vast atomistic system of widely dispersed tube-wells that are drawing groundwater without permits or hindrances.

Taming the Anarchy is about the development of this chaos and the prospects to bring it under control. It is about both the massive benefit that the irrigation economy has created and the ill-fare it threatens through depleted aquifers and pollution.

Tushaar Shah brings exceptional insight into a socio-ecological phenomenon that has befuddled scientists and policymakers alike. In systematic fashion, he investigates the forces behind the transformation of South Asian irrigation and considers its social, economic, and ecological impacts. He considers what is unique to South Asia and what is in common with other developing regions. He argues that, without effective governance, the resulting groundwater stress threatens the sustenance of the agrarian system and therefore the well being of the nearly one and a half billion people who live in South Asia. Yet, finding solutions is a formidable challenge. The way forward in the short run, Shah suggests, lies in indirect, adaptive strategies that change the conduct of water users. From antiquity until the 1960s, agricultural water management in South Asia was predominantly the affair of village communities and/or the state.

Today, the region depends on irrigation from some 25 million individually owned groundwater wells. Tushaar Shah provides a fascinating economic, political, and cultural history of the development and use of technology that is also a history of a society in transition. His book provides powerful ideas and lessons for researchers, historians, and policymakers interested in South Asia, as well as readers who are interested in the water and agricultural futures of other developing countries and regions, including China and Africa.

Review quotes
"An important and...provocative book. Shah...exhibits in this book the rare skill of being able to write for both politicians and practitioners while maintaining the scientific rigor of the groundwater scientist that he is."—Irrigation Science.

"The contributions Taming the Anarchy makes to irrigation governance globally are far-reaching. It should be a vital resource for academics, water policy planners, NGO activists, environmentalists, and concerned citizens."—Human Ecology.

About the author
Tushaar Shah is a senior advisor at the International Water Management Institute.

This book costs £49.99. Please send an enquiry for purchase information.

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